Class 6Science

NCERT Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 6: The Living Organisms – Characteristics and Habitats

1. What is a habitat?

Solution:

The term ‘habitat’ refers to the natural dwelling place of organisms. It serves as a shelter and provides essential resources such as food, water, air, and other necessities to support the livelihood of these organisms.

2. How is a cactus adapted to survive in a desert?

Solution:

Cactus adaptations include:

  • Spines replacing leaves to minimize transpiration.
  • Photosynthesis occurring in the stems.
  • A thick waxy layer enveloping the leaves to conserve water.
  • Deeply rooted in the soil to absorb water, cactus roots are an essential adaptation.

3. Fill in the blanks

(a) The presence of specific features, which enable a plant or an animal to live in a particular habitat, is called ————.

(b) The habitats of the plants and animals that live on land are called ———— habitat.

(c) The habitats of plants and animals that live in water are called ————habitats.

(d) Soil, water and air are the ———— factors of a habitat.

(e) Changes in our surroundings that make us respond to them are called ————.

Solution:

(a) The presence of specific features, which enable a plant or an animal to live in a particular habitat, is called adaptation.

(b) The habitats of the plants and animals that live on land are called terrestrial habitats.

(c) The habitats of plants and animals that live in water are called aquatic habitats.

(d) Soil, water and air are the abiotic factors of a habitat.

(e) Changes in our surroundings that make us respond to them are called stimuli.

4. Which of the things in the following list are nonliving?

Plough, mushroom, sewing machine, radio, boat, water hyacinth, earthworm

Solution:

Plough, sewing machine, radio and boat are nonliving things

5. Give an example of a nonliving thing which shows any two characteristics of living things.

Solution:

Example: car

Features

  • It can move like living beings
  • It needs energy to do work

6. Which of the nonliving things listed below were once part of a living thing?

Butter, Leather, soil, wool, electric bulb, cooking oil, salt, apple, rubber

Solution:

Butter, Leather, wool, cooking oil, apple and rubber were once part of a living thing.

7. List the common characteristics of living things.

Solution:

Common characteristics of living things are as follows:

i) Respiration

ii) Food intake

iii) Respond to stimuli

iv) Excretion

v) Movement

vi) Reproduction

vii) Grow and die

8. Explain why speed is important for survival in the grasslands for animals that live there. (Hint: There are few trees or places for animals to hide in grassland habitats.)

Solution:
In order to avoid predation from their natural enemies, quickness is a crucial factor for survival in the grasslands. Consider the example of a tiger hunting a deer. For the deer to survive, it must be faster than the tiger and run away from it.

Other, chapter solutions for class 6 science:

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science

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